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Title: Heat Treatment Condition Influence on Novokuibyshevsk Vacuum Residue Component Composition
Authors: Karpov, Y.
Krivonosova, A.
Krivtsov, E.
Golovko, A.
Krivtsova, Nadezhda Igorevna
Keywords: термолиз; смолы; асфальтены; тепловое состояние; вакуумный остаток; компонентный состав; thermolysis; resins-asphaltenes average molecules; vacuum residue; oil refinery
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Heat Treatment Condition Influence on Novokuibyshevsk Vacuum Residue Component Composition [Electronic resource] / Y. Karpov [et al.] // Procedia Chemistry . — 2014 . — Vol. 10 : Chemistry and Chemical Engineering in XXI century . — [P. 421-429] .
Abstract: The article presents the information about thermal degradation of Novokuibyshevsk vacuum residue and change of products composition during this process. The optimal conditions for the thermal destruction of vacuum residue components were established. The regularities of material balance composition change, Sgeneral were determined depending on cracking conditions. The basic directions of resin-asphaltene component transformations were identified, changes in their structural-group parameters in the process of initiated cracking were analyzed. Conducting of Novokuibyshevsk vacuum residue thermolysis leads to deep resins-asphaltenes average molecules structure characteristic changes. Developed alkyl and naphthenic moieties, which are presented in initial molecule, undergo degradation, amount of structural blocks in resins and asphaltenes molecules reduces, their average size decreases. Also the reduction in total content of the rings (saturated and aromatic) was established in average structural unit, at the same time decrease of rings substitution and length of the aliphatic fragments can be observed. In general the process of vacuum residue thermal cracking causes partial degradation of saturated (aliphatic and naphthenic) fragments and, partially, aromatic rings, which contain heteroatomic elements.
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