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Title: Sense variability and typology of cultures
Authors: Lankin, Vadim
Shatokhina, Anastasia Olegovna
Keywords: изменчивость; типология; цивилизации; культура; заимствования; культурный обмен
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: EDP Sciences
Citation: Lankin V. G. Sense variability and typology of cultures / V. G. Lankin, A. O. Shatokhina // SHS Web of Conferences. — Les Ulis : EDP Sciences, 2016. — Vol. 28 : Research Paradigms Transformation in Social Sciences (RPTSS 2015) : International Conference, December 15-17, 2015, Tomsk, Russia : [proceedings]. — [01130, 5 p.].
Abstract: The article is concerned with the problem of justification of cultural (civilizational) typological diversity, which is being analyzed in the framework of variant types and meaning-making methods. Authors attempt to prove the leading role of these methods in shaping cultures’ idiosyncrasies, as well as a specific course of their evolution, and sustainability as culture-transforming programs. In the article, the criteria of distinguishing historical culture types set in the XIX-XX centuries by the most influential civilizational concepts are analyzed, and a new criterion is proposed. This is the criterion of the meaning-making method which is considered the most applicable to describe the core of any culture as an integrity of both experimental and textual ways of human existence re-examination. A number of culture (civilization) types were used as examples; the article observes how the key meaning-making model sculpts the civilization as a unique entity and defines it.
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