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Title: Loneliness In Later Life: Comparative Study Of Eu And Russia
Authors: Malanina, Veronika Anatolievna
Frolova, Elena Aleksandrovna
Keywords: loneliness; social isolation; older people; later life; одиночество; социальная изоляция; пожилые люди; социологические опросы
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Future Academy
Citation: Malanina V. A. Loneliness In Later Life: Comparative Study Of Eu And Russia / V. A. Malanina, E. A. Frolova // The European Proceedings of Social & Behavioural Sciences (EpSBS). — 2018. — Vol. 38 : Lifelong Wellbeing in the World (WELLSO 2017) : IV International Scientific Symposium, 11-15 September 2017, Tomsk, Russian Federation : [proceedings]. — [P. 305-311].
Abstract: Subjective measure of loneliness is necessary since the perception of being lonely is individually constructed by the discrepancy between the expected inner content of social interactions and their objective content which can be observed by other people. The exact parameters of this discrepancy and the outcome it may have are individual as well and can hardly be observed by the third parties. Policymakers often consider older adults as a social group which might be having special characteristics and researchers assume that loneliness and social isolation are most probably one of them. The changes in older adults' work and family roles, future time perspectives, changes in health, in surrounding environment, social and economic status, living conditions and consumer behaviour, make them oriented mainly on inner experiences and may result in loss of life goals and the meaning of life. In this paper loneliness and social isolation are studied on the basis of ESS dataset and sociological surveys, conducted in Tomsk region (2014-2017). Comparative study of loneliness in EU countries shows that the share of people who feel themselves lonely is greater in Eastern European countries than in Western European. Loneliness and social isolation in Russia is greater than in EU countries.
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