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Название: Definition of Time Induction of Self-Ignition of the Substance on the Prognostic Extrapolation Depending on the Basis of Indicators Fire and Explosion Hazard
Авторы: Sechin, Aleksandr Ivanovich
Kyrmakova, Olga Sergeevna
Osipenko, S.
Ключевые слова: индукция; самовоспламенение; экстраполяция; пожары; взрывы; аварийные ситуации; нефти; нефтяная отрасль
Дата публикации: 2016
Издатель: IOP Publishing
Библиографическое описание: Sechin A. I. Definition of Time Induction of Self-Ignition of the Substance on the Prognostic Extrapolation Depending on the Basis of Indicators Fire and Explosion Hazard / A. I. Sechin, O. S. Kyrmakova, S. Osipenko // Journal of Physics: Conference Series. — 2016. — Vol. 671 : Innovations in Non-Destructive Testing (SibTest 2015) : III All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference, 27–31 July 2015, Altai, Russia : [proceedings]. — [012030, 5 p.].
Аннотация: In this article the research directed on development of a technique of definition of time of induction of the self-ignition of substances and materials which is an indicator of the beginning of development of an emergency is conducted. The experiment consisting in supervision over process of self-ignition of coal and oil deposits was the basis for research. On the basis of experimental data the curve expressing analytic - expected dependence of size of temperature of ignition on induction time was constructed. Proceeding from graphical representation of process, functional dependence of time of induction on a temperature indicator was received: y=16920•x{0.537}. By means of known indicators of such substances as bitumen oil oxidized (the combustible solid substance received by oxidation of residual product of oil refining) and tar oil (the combustible solid substance which is residual product of oil refining) and the received algorithm, verification of reliability of the received dependence and a technique of definition of time of induction of spontaneous ignition of deposits of oil in general was carried out. The practical importance of the conducted research is that having data on time of induction of process of self-ignition, by means of preventive measures becomes possible to avoid and prevent accidents in oil and oil processing branches, at the same time loss of property and loss of human life.
URI: http://earchive.tpu.ru/handle/11683/33737
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